Information about Juneteenth
Juneteenth This website is devoted to the subject of Juneteenth and opens with: "Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. Dating back to 1865, it was on June 19th that the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed at Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that the enslaved were now free." The war had ended just two months earlier, when Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865. It was nearly two and a half years after the proclamation ending slavery was signed by President Abraham Lincoln, on Jan. 1, 1863.
Shown below is the Juneteenth flag, and here is a Wikipedia article about its creation.
Here are some resources to explore, first showing licensed ones, available to students and employees of the college, followed by some freely accessible online resources.
Films on Demand streaming videos
Slavery by Another Name Narrated by Laurence Fishburne. "This program challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in the South after the Civil War, new systems of involuntary servitude took its place with shocking force and brutality. ..."
Forever Free Directed by Ken Burns, Public Broadcasting Service, 1990 (The Civil War, episode 3)
A War to End Slavery—Freedom: a History of US "... the country fights a civil war over the future of slavery. Grim battles unfold: Bull Run, Antietam, and Gettysburg. Famous generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee lead the war between the North and the South. Lincoln speaks eloquently at Gettysburg, and just a year and a half later is brutally assassinated at Ford's Theater."
Into the Fire Into the Fire (1861-1896): The African Americans—Many Rivers to Cross
How to Be an Anti-racist by Ibram X. Kendi. (Physical book in our library)
Intercultural Center Collection a link to the OneSearch records for physical books housed in the Intercultural Center.
By Kolchin, Peter, in The Journal of Southern History, Feb 2015, Vol.81(1), pp.7-40
Civil Disobedience, Social Justice, Nationalism & Populism, Violent Demonstrations and Race Relations; Selected Essays from Salem Press (see under History)
Includes the text and discussion of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” and an analysis of Stokely Carmichael’s “Black Power” (the text of which is here)
“... cultural heritage of the African diaspora in America, including images of cultural objects, artworks, and photographs of important events and historical figures.”
Open Access Materials:
Library of Congress blog posts for Juneteenth 2020
The Birth of Juneteenth; Voices of the Enslaved - blog post
Ralph Ellison’s “Juneteenth" – blog post
Becky Elzy and Alberta Bradford: Spiritual Folklorists blog post
When a Former Enslaved Person Debated a Former Confederate in the House of Representatives – blog post
Born in Slavery: Portraits and Narratives of Formerly Enslaved People blog post
Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 from the Library of Congress
Faces and Voices from the Days of Slavery from the Library of Congress
Hannah Valentine & Lethe Jackson Slave Letters from the special Collections Library at Duke University
Vilet Lester Letter from the special Collections Library at Duke University
J. Vance Lewis Out of the Ditch. A True Story of an Ex-Slave. Documenting the American South (DocSouth), is a digital publishing initiative sponsored by the University Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and provides access to digitized primary materials that offer Southern perspectives on American history and culture.
North American Slave Narratives from Documenting the American South (DocSouth). University of North Carolina and others
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade "The Trans-Atlantic and Intra-American slave trade databases are the culmination of several decades of independent and collaborative research by scholars drawing upon data in libraries and archives around the Atlantic world." Hosted on an Emory University's website.
Juneteenth Texas: Essays in African-American Folklore From the University of North Texas Digital Library
My Bondage and My Freedom by Frederick Douglass
Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington
Juneteenth by Kamau Daaood
Article / Documents
The Myth of Police Reform Article by Ta-nehisi Coates, in The Atlantic Monthly (they offer free access to a limited number of articles)
Abraham Lincoln’s initial draft of the Emancipation Proclamation is among the treasures contained in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress.
Special Collections / Exhibits
“In 1870, White [Cornell University’s first president] was instrumental in bringing an extensive collection of slavery and abolitionist materials gathered by his close friend, Reverend Samuel Joseph May, to the Cornell Library. Numbering over 10,000 titles, May's pamphlets and leaflets document the anti-slavery struggle at the local, regional, and national levels.“
Civil Rights Digital Library From the University of Georgia in partnership with others.
“The struggle for racial equality in the 1950s and 1960s is among the most far-reaching social movements in the nation's history, and it represents a crucial step in the evolution of American democracy. The Civil Rights Digital Library promotes an enhanced understanding of the Movement by helping users discover primary sources and other educational materials from libraries, archives, museums, public broadcasters, and others on a national scale.“
First Push for African-American Rights from the Texas State Library and Archives Commission, this is part of the Texans' Struggle for Freedom and Equality Exhibit.
The 1619 Project "The 1619 Project is an ongoing initiative from The New York Times Magazine that began in August 2019, the 400th anniversary of the beginning of American slavery. It aims to reframe the country’s history by placing the consequences of slavery and the contributions of black Americans at the very center of our national narrative."
A Forgotten History of How the U.S. Government Segregated America Interview on NPR’s Fresh Air program with Terry Gross (2017)
How the Fair Housing Act Failed Black Homeowners from Bloomberg CityLab
“In cities like Jacksonville and St. Louis, maps of mortgage approvals and home values in black neighborhoods look the same as they did decades ago, before the passage of the landmark fair housing law.”
Anti-Oppression: Anti-Racism Guide from Simmons University, in Boston. Much of the content is openly available on the web.
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