To get an overview of the Voyager program, see this Credo Reference article from the Encyclopedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics. For a more recent update on the position of Voyager 1, see its Wikipedia article--it has since entered interstellar space.
For more about the Golden Record, how it was made, and what else was on it, see NASA's page on the topic. There is also an interactive website where you can view images from and play the record.
A lot of care went into the making of this record. Some people think it may even outlast humanity.
Wherever it ends up, it remains an enduring symbol of the beauty and unity in the diversity of humankind and our world.